Optimal management of your blood sugars, blood pressure and cholesterol is important. This would involve proper lifestyle measures such as having enough fruits and vegetables in your diet and regular exercise. If these methods do not work, we would then proceed to using medications to help control your cardiovascular risk factors.
If you are a smoker, quitting smoking is the best thing you can do to prevent heart attacks and strokes. However, quitting smoking can be very challenging and smokers often need multiple tries and plenty of encouragement before they finally quit successfully. Things that may help in smoking cessation may involve setting a quit date for smoking and replacing the habit with healthier alternatives. If non-pharmacological methods do not work, a nicotine patch may be tried in conjunction with existing methods.
Vaccinations can be useful to prevent cardiovascular disease. There has been studies which has linked regular influenza to cardiovascular events. As such, regular yearly influenza vaccinations are often useful to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events.